Theorists Karl Marx and Max Weber disagreed about the nature of class, in particular. Other sociologists applied traditional frameworks to stratification. Karl Marx Karl Marx based his conflict theory on the idea that modern society has only two classes of people:
Marxist view on Poverty and Inequality Article shared by: Marxist view on Poverty and Inequality! According to the Marxist view, the major cause of poverty is inequality or uneven distribution of wealth and income—a main consequence of capitalism.
Weber also recognized the inequality of capitalist society; he did not attribute it essentially to capitalism. These are necessarily hierarchical and unequal.
He anticipated that socialist societies developed large-scale bureaucracies; they would be characterized by inequality. There is a considerable controversy about poverty and its relationship within inequality.
From one point of view, any society with inequality is bound to have poverty. In other words, poverty is more likely to occur in a society which accepts inequality. Sociologists who adopt a relative definition of poverty accept that for the eradication of poverty, it is necessary to first abolish all inequality in income.
There are scholars who do not find any relationship between poverty and inequality. A wealthy businessman and a well-paid government official IAS or RAS or teachers are materially unequal but the teacher or official are not poor.
Thus, poverty and inequality are not the same.
Poverty is an absolute concept, while inequality is a relative one. It is possible for poverty or head count ratios to decline so that everyone is better offwhile inequality simultaneously increases, because income growth for richer segments is relatively more.
But if inequality increases, it causes resentment because of the perception that deprived class, castes, women, ethnic or religious groups or geographical regions are not gaining enough from the trickle-down benefits of growth. One of every four Indians lives below the tide of poverty at less than a dollar about Rs.
The income levels of the poor may be rising but they do not come even to the rate at which the rich are getting richer.
This gap shows that how inequality is increasing in spite of the poverty figures are down. As regards the expenditure, the bottom 20 per cent in rural India inenjoyed 9. Conversely, the share of the top 20 per cent of rural India in total expenditure was In rural India, the expenditure of the relatively rich increased more than that of the relatively poor.
The detailed figures show that shares declined for all except the top 20 per cent. That is the reason inequality has increased. The urban Indian picture is no different Debroy and Bhandari, Explain sociological theories of social inequality – is it a good or bad thing – Functionalism, Marxism, Weberianism and Feminism.
Social stratification is a system in society which is based on a hierarchy of power, privilege, and prestige; this then leads on to what is called social inequality. Dec 02, · The emphasis on social stability, as seen in many institutions' suspicion regarding social change, can lead to the perpetuation of social inequality.
In some instances, there is even a stronger link between religion and power structures. Published: Mon, 5 Dec This assignment will explore C.
Wright Mills concept of a ‘sociological imagination’ when looking at the problems of the individual, and explain how this theory might assist social . This entry was posted in Essay plans, Exams and revision advice and tagged AQA, education, essay plan, Revision, social class, Sociology.
Bookmark the permalink. ← Essay on Dependency Theory. This guide stresses the systematic causal analysis of gender inequality. The analytical questions raised and the readings listed consider why and how gender inequality arises, varies across and within societies, persists over generations, produces conformity by individuals and institutions, resists change, and sometimes changes dramatically.
Social inequality is viewed by functionalists as a way of ensuring that most talented people receive the highest rewards in society. Patterson and Banton tend to argue that it is functional for society to have ethnic minorities who are in a disadvantaged position.